Site selection is the most important consideration when establishing an avocado orchard, or purchasing an existing orchard:
Best light conditions are north-east and north-facing orchards. Be very aware of areas prone to waterlogging.
Protection is required for possible tree and fruit damage in high-wind areas.
Irrigation is required for heavy crops in areas with low summer rainfall and possible frost protection.
Physical soil attributes
Well aerated, well-drained soil is required for healthy root growth and limiting root-rot pressure.
Winter and flowering temperatures/light intensity
Avocados are a subtropical plant, preferring warm weather, minimal frosts and good light intensity to yield well.
Chemical soil attributes
Adequate nutrition is very important for sustained yields and sizing. Fertiliser amendments can address most issues.
For more information on site selection please download the site selection chapter from the grower manual below.